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General Lines of Canadian Immigration

Express Entry

The new Express Entry Immigration Selection System came into effect on January 1st, 2015.

Express Entry manages applications for the following federal economic immigration programs:

Some applications to Provincial Nominee Programs will also be eligible for Express Entry.

Express Entry is a two-step process:

1) A candidate must make an expression of interest in immigrating to Canada. If the candidate is eligible for one of the federal economic immigration programs, their application will be put in the Express Entry pool.

    • Language proficiency required
    • Candidates eligible for the Federal Skilled Worker Program will have to undergo an Educational Credential Assessment (ECA)

2) Invitations to apply for Canadian permanent residency will be given to some of the applications in the pool.

Once candidates have been selected from the pool they will need to complete the immigration process, which includes health and security checks. Applications will be processed in six months or less.

Highlights of the Express Entry System:

  • Eligible occupations lists will no longer be used
  • There will not be separate pools for specific programs, therefore all eligible candidates enter the same pool
  • The entire process comprising step one and two above will be done online
  • Candidates will be ranked by the Canadian government's internal scoring mechanism: the Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS).
  • Candidates' profiles as ranked by the CRS can be updated by working to remove deficiencies while the candidate's application is in the Express Entry pool.
  • Severe penalties will be imposed on the application for any misrepresentation
  • Applicants will have only 60 days to file a complete application after an invitation to apply for immigration is received
  • No second opportunity will be given to file an application if an applicant fails to submit a complete application and provide all supporting documents after accepting an invitation to apply
  • If an applicant declines the invitation to apply within the 60-day period, the remaining portion of the original one-year period of their inclusion in the Express Entry pool of candidates continues to apply. However, there is no guarantee of being issued another invitation to apply.
  • Candidates may hire an immigration lawyer or consultant registered with the Immigration Consultants of Canada Regulatory Council (ICCRC) to represent them throughout the Express Entry process.
For more information, please see the Government of Canada website.


Skilled Workers – Federal Skilled Worker Program (FSWP)

Note: This Line of immigration is eligible for Express Entry as of January 1, 2015

Many candidates interested in immigrating to Canada still qualify under the Federal Skilled Worker Program category. There are two ways to fit into this line:

You should either have at least one year of work experience in a qualified occupations*.

You should have in hand an arranged permanent employment offer from a Canadian employer in Canada from the list of qualified occupations*

(*Note - The list of qualified occupations has been updated by CIC, May 1, 2014 - find more info online.)


Quebec Investor Immigration Program

To be eligible for this program, you must:

  • Have, alone or with his accompanying spouse, including de-facto spouse, net assets of at least $1,600,000 CAN obtained legally, excluding the amounts received by donation less than six months before the date on which the application was filed;
  • Have experience in management in a legal farming, commercial or industrial business, or in a legal professional business where the staff, excluding the investor, occupies at least the equivalent of two full-time jobs, or for an international agency or a government or one of its departments or agencies;
  • We define management experience as the exercise, for at least two years in the five years preceding the application for a selection certificate, of duties related to the planning, management and control of financial resources and of human or material resources under your authority; the experience does not include experience acquired in the context of an apprenticeship, training or specialization process attested to by a diploma.
  • Intend to settle in Québec and sign an agreement to invest $800,000 CAN with a FINANCIAL INTERMEDIARY (broker or trust company) authorized to participate in the Investor Program.

The assessment of your application will also take into account other factors such as your age, the nature and duration of your professional training and your language skills.

See the Government of Quebec website for more information.


British Colombia (BC) Entrepreneur Immigration

General Nomination Requirements:

  • Active and ongoing management of the day-to-day business operations
  • Demonstrated residence in B.C.
  • Admissibility to Canada

Personal Requirements:

  • Personal net worth of at least $600,000
  • Business and/or management experience

Business Requirements:

  • Establish a new business or purchase and improve an existing business

Investment Requirements:

  • Make an eligible personal investment of at least $200,000 in the business

Job Requirements:

  • Create at least one new full-time job for a Canadian citizen or permanent resident in the business


  • It is your responsibility to demonstrate that you meet the program requirements.
  • An Entrepreneur Immigration Registration is not an application to the Entrepreneur Immigration stream or a guarantee that you will be invited to apply.
  • The BC PNP may refuse your application if the information in your registration is materially different from your application.
See the WelcomeBC website for more information.

New Brunswick (NB) PNP Entrepreneur Stream

Since this program was launched in 2017, it has been extremely popular. Applicants and Immigration Professionals like the fact that this the only Canadian PNP Entrepreneur Program which delivers permanent residence to clients (as opposed to simply a work permit).
Program Highlights and Overview
The NB PNP is designed for experienced business professionals who are willing to invest in an enterprise in the Province of New Brunswick, and establish their families in the Province.

The Program requires that applicants are aged 22 to 55, speak English or French, and have completed a minimum two-year post-secondary education degree or diploma. In addition, they must:

  1. Have a verifiable net worth of at least CAD$600,000, with CAD$300,000 available in unencumbered liquidity (bank account, stocks, fixed deposits, pensions, etc.)
  2. Invest at least CAD$250,000 into a business in New Brunswick (of which they will own at least a 33% equity); and
  3. Demonstrate previous management experience - either 3 years of business ownership or 5 years of senior management experience during the last 5 years.



This is a two-step Provincial nomination process whereby the applicant must submit first for an Invitation to Apply (ITA), followed by a nomination certificate application.

Once the nomination certificate has been obtained, you will then be able to apply for permanent residence visa at the Federal government.


CAD$100,000 Security Deposit

* At the time of nomination, the applicant will be required to deposit CAD$100,000 as security deposit with the Province. These funds may be returned to the applicant one year after landing, if they meet certain criteria, including living in New Brunswick and creating and managing their proposed business.


CAD$250,000 Investment into the Applicant's Company in NB

Within one year of arriving in NB, the applicant will need to demonstrate they have invested these funds in their business.


Exploratory Visit Transportation Fee in NB

If an applicant chooses to come to New Brunswick for an exploratory visit, there will also be a transportation fee.


The Provincial Nominee Program (PNP)

Note: Some candidates for this Line of immigration are eligible for Express Entry.

Canada encourages applications for permanent residence from people with abilities, education and work experience that will contribute to the Canadian economy. The Provincial Nominee Program (PNP) allows provincial governments to choose immigrants according to the economic needs of the province. Each province establishes its own standards and processes by which it chooses its nominees and tries to nominate those candidates who would be most likely to settle effectively into the economic and social life of the region.


Alberta Immigrant Nominee Program

1. Employer Driven Stream

Skilled Worker Category (NOC 0, A, B) applicant should have a permanent, full time job offer from a Canadian employer.

2. International Graduate

Applicant should (be); Graduated from a minimum 2 year undergraduate program or 1 year graduate program, have valid open-work permit, related to the program of study and have a 6 months of full time work experience with the same employer under the post graduate work permit.

3. Semi-Skilled Worker Category (NOC C, D)

Only five industries & some jobs are eligible to apply under this category.

4. SRS - Strategic Recruitment Stream

  • Compulsory and Optional Trade; applicant should have an AIT - Alberta Apprenticeship and Industry Training certificate, currently working in his/her trade with an Alberta employer or have at least have had worked six months within the past two years with an Alberta employer.
  • Engineering Occupations; Applicant should be an engineer, designer or drafter with Alberta work experience.
  • Self Employed Farmer Stream; Applicant who needs to come to Alberta to establish or purchase a farming business.
For additional information about the Alberta Immigrant Nominee Program, see the Alberta Canada website.


The Canadian Experience Class (CEC)

Note: This Line of immigration is eligible for Express Entry.

Landing temporary foreign workers (TFW) or foreign students with skilled work experience in Canada can apply for permanent residency in Canada. The Canadian Experience Class (CEC) has been created to help people like this take part in the Canadian economy.


Applicants should meet the following requirements to apply under CEC;

  • plan to live outside the province of Quebec
  • have at least 12 months of full-time (or an equal amount in part-time) skilled work experience in Canada in the three years before applying (Note: Full-time work means at least 30 hours of paid work per week.)
  • have gained experience in Canada with proper authorization
  • meet the required language levels needed for job for each language ability ( reading, speaking, writing, and listening)
  • Skilled work experience - According to the NOC, skilled work experience means:
    • Managerial jobs (NOC skill type 0)
    • Professional jobs (NOC skill type A)
    • Technical jobs and skilled trades (NOC skill type B)
For additional information about the Canadian Experience Class, see the Government of Canada Immigration and Citizenship website.


Family Class

  • Sponsor a spouse in Canada
  • Sponsor a spouse from outside Canada
  • Sponsor dependent children
For additional information about sponsoring a member of the Family Class, see the Government of Canada Immigration and Citizenship website.


Temporary Immigration


Temporary Resident Visas & Permits

  1. Visitor Visa
  2. Student Visas & Permits

LMIA Labour Market Impact Assessment & Worker Permits*

Live-In Caregiver Visa or PR Permanent Residency

*Note: The Government of Canada has revised the Temporary Foreign Worker Program (TFWP) through a balanced set of reforms to ensure that employers put Canadian workers first. For more information about the TFWP, see the Government of Canada Employment and Social Development website.

Parents & Grandparents Super Visa

Visas + Permits Extension & Restoration

Applications for Permanent Resident Cards


Citizenship Applications

Bill C-6, an Act to amend the Citizenship Act and make consequential amendments to another Act, received Royal Assent on June 19, 2017.

Key changes include:

  1. Reducing the physically present in Canada requirement from four out of six years, to three out of five years; Applicants must be physically present in Canada for three out of five years before applying for citizenship.
  2. Removing the requirement that applicants must demonstrate that they intend to continue to live in Canada once granted citizenship; Applicants are no longer required to intend to continue to live in Canada once granted citizenship.
  3. Allowing applicants to partially count days spent in Canada, prior to becoming a permanent resident. Applicants may count each day they were physically present in Canada as a temporary resident or protected person before becoming a permanent resident as a half-day toward meeting the physical presence requirement for citizenship, up to a maximum credit of 365 days.

Some of the changes will take immediate effect, while others will take effect at later dates to ensure a smooth transition for applicants.

You may consult the News Release and Background Information on the Canadian Government’s website.


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